We discuss the translation into Swedish of the term Gambling Disorder (GD) in the fifth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5). Translations and adaptions of psychiatric classifications across languages and cultures are not just a technical matter but require consideration of differences in conceptualisation of mental conditions and behaviours perceived to.
The DSM-5 notes that many people with Gambling disorder are likely to resolve their (gambling) problem over time, but the definitions used are unclear (American Psychiatric Association, 2013). It is open to interpretation if resolve means cessation of the most problematic behaviors, or complete abstinence. Over time can mean months when losses and consequences first appear, or only after years.
DSM-5 and Eating Disorders. The advent of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition(DSM-5) is a great opportunity to mark where we are as specialists in understanding eating disorders. It is also a moment to contemplate and applaud most of the changes in the diagnostic nomenclature, as they should aid significantly in the clinician’s ability to “officially.
An important departure for DSM-5 from its prede-cessors was the inclusion of gambling disorder in the chapter on Substance-Related and Addictive Disorders. Gambling disorder was formerly listed as pathological gambling in the section on impulse control disorders not elsewhere classified. Gambling disorder was relocated.
DSM 5 substance use disorder encompasses a set of criteria that helps treatment professionals identify and treat people affected by substance abuse issues. The features of DSM substance use disorder include symptoms of drug abuse as well as the adverse effects it has in a person’s daily life.
Internet Gaming Disorder, or IGD, is the excessive use of computers or other devices that provide the user access to the Internet, for example tablets, and smartphones, for online activities to the extent that they profoundly compromise daily life activities and responsibilities. In 2013, the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders-5 (DSM-5) included IGD in Section III.
DSM-5 added a new category of disorders called Obsessive-Compulsive and Related Disorders (OCRDs) (also called Obsessive-Compulsive Spectrum Disorders in the research literature). The OCRDs category includes the familiar obsessive-compulsive disorder. It also includes two newly defined disorders with obsessive-compulsive features. These are hoarding disorder and excoriation (skin-picking.
The DSM-5 work group observed that several empirical studies have supported lowering the threshold for a more accurate diagnosis of a gambling disorder from five to four criterion. For example, Stinchfield found that a cutoff score of four made modest improvements in classification accuracy and, most importantly, reduced the rate of false negatives. Another recent study conducted in France.